What is Dyslexia?

According to Sally Shaywitz in Overcoming Dyslexia, dyslexia is a problem that intelligent people have with reading.

Dyslexia is very common. It is the reason why many are not able to read at grade level, despite regular reading instruction.

It has nothing to do with how smart a person is.

Words have sounds the come apart. People with dyslexia have trouble pulling the sounds apart. Instead of hearing three sounds in a word, a dyslexic may hear only one or two.

For people who have dyslexia, the regular route to reading is blocked. They have to take alternative routes: bumpier and slower, but they get there. It will take longer and it is more work.

This problem can be helped with the right teaching. Orion-Gillingham based programs are the best.  In my opinion, the Barton Reading & Spelling System is the best OG program there is.

Facts about Dyslexia

One in five of the general population is dyslexic.

Dyslexia can range from mild to moderate/classic to severe to profound.

There is no quick fix. A few week “cure” will not help.

Repeating a grade does not help a dyslexic learn to read and spell, if they’re aren’t taught the right way.

Many classroom teachers do not understand dyslexia and most don’t have the resources or time to meet the needs of dyslexic students in addition to the many other classroom needs.

Dyslexia lasts a lifetime, but it can be remediated, meaning the brain can be retrained to read correctly, no matter the age.

Using an Orton-Gillingham based program is the most effective way to teach dyslexics to read.

The longer a child waits to get remediation, the longer it takes to catch up. Don’t wait!

Acknowledge the symptoms. Make arrangements for remediation. There IS real help available. Call today to begin tutoring. 254-316-2649

Warning Signs of Dyslexia

If your child has 3 or more of the following signs, please take action to learn more about dyslexia and what can be done to remediate.

In Preschool

delayed speech, mixed up the sounds and syllables in long words, chronic ear infections, severe reactions to childhood illnesses, constant confusion of left versus right, late establishing a dominant hand, difficulty learning to tie shoes, trouble memorizing their address, phone number, or the alphabet, can’t create words that rhyme, a close relative with dyslexia

In Elementary School

dysgraphia (slow, non-automatic handwriting that is difficult to read), letter or number reversals continuing past the end of first grade, extreme difficulty learning cursive, slow choppy inaccurate reading: guesses based on shape or context, skips or misreads prepositions (at, to, of), ignores suffixes, can’t sound out unknown words, terrible speller, often can’t remember sight words (they, were, does) or homonyms (their, there, they’re), difficulty telling time on a clock with hands, trouble with math – memorizing multiplication tables, memorizing a sequence of steps, directionality, when speaking – difficulty finding the right word, lots of “whatyamacallits” and “thingies”, common sayings come out slightly twisted, extremely messy backpack, bedroom, and desk, dreads going to school – complains of stomach aches and headaches or may have nightmares about school

In High School

All of the above symptoms plus: limited vocabulary, extremely poor expression, large discrepancy between verbal skills and written compositions, unable to master a foreign language, difficult reading printed music, poor grades in many classes, may drop out of high school

In Adults

Education history similar to above, plus: slow reader, may have to read a page 2 or 3 times to understand it, terrible speller, difficulty putting thoughts onto paper, dreads writing memos or letters, still has difficulty with right versus left, often gets lost – even in a familiar city, sometimes confuses b and d – especially when tired or sick

Reprinted with prior permission from Susan Barton, Founder of Bright Solutions for Dyslexia. Copyright 2002 by Susan Barton. All Rights Reserved.

To learn more:


Call 254-316-2649 or email dorcasweir@gmail.com to start tutoring today!